The broader objective of the full-fledged RERL programme (2011-2015) is to contribute to economic, environmental and social benefits of the rural people by assisting in minimizing/removing barriers that have hindered the wider use of renewable energy resources in rural Nepal. As mentioned in situational analysis, this objective supports the objectives of the GoN and the UNDP in line with the current UNDAF (2008-2010), AGECC recommendations and current Three Year Development Plan (TYP-2010-2012) of the Government of Nepal. In the TYP a high priority has been accorded to rural infrastructure, and alternative energy has been identified as a critical component. Three critical areas of synchronization among GoN priorities, UNCCA/UNDAF priorities have been identified as below which determines the broader objectives of full-fledged RERL programme:
- Poverty and inclusive growth: Access to energy services in the rural Nepal has tremendous importance to assist in reducing poverty. Various studies have already established the link between consumption of energy and poverty incidents. The overarching goal of the Three year Plan of the GoN has been poverty alleviation with employment generation and inclusive growth. The plan has identified renewable energy as means to improve the socio-economic conditions of the rural people by integrating energy services with livelihood potentials. The UNDAF (2008-2012) also highlights the importance of rural energy development to minimize environmental deterioration and improve socio-economic development of rural Nepal.
- Enhancing wider use of energy services: In the current context to enhance wider use of energy services, a long term comprehensive strategy is necessary. The TYP plan of GoN has highlighted some of its main strategies to accelerate energy services by
- emphasizing the development and expansion of renewable energy under decentralized energy system,
- giving priority to integrated programmes for improving the socio-economic condition of the rural people and ensuring environmental sustainability while developing alternative energy system, and
- strengthening partnership and coordination among major stakeholders (local bodies, private sector and others).
The AGECC recommendations also focus on the expanding access to affordable and clean energy systems. Increasing access to energy services is the key to achieving the MDGs and is one of the key areas of intervention for UNDP, together with its core business of capacity building. One of the key concerns for UNDP is supporting capacity development of public institutions to deliver modern energy services at the sub-national and local levels and building national ownership. UNDP is keen to mainstream energy into MDG-based development strategies including strong energy considerations in the national budgeting processes. It is also well understood fact that access alone is not enough to ensure productive use of energy, which has a critical role in socio-economic transformation at the local level. RERL's focus therefore will be on enhancing productive use of electricity with minimum energy spillage towards developing more livelihood opportunities at the local.
- Energy for Sustainable Development: The TYP has taken the approach of
sustainable development and has emphasized on adopting climate proofing
technologies in all the sectors. Furthermore, the climate change issue is
listed as the top most priority in the current Draft National Energy Strategy
Document prepared by Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (WECS) of GoN
and the Report of the High level Task force on Generating 25,000 MW in 20
Years. AGECC recommendation to support "Energy for Sustainable Development"
considers energy as critical factor for realizing the MDGs and enabling
sustainable development across much of the globe. This campaign is focused
on improving access to modern energy services as well as raising awareness
about the essential role of clean energy in enhancing MDGs while addressing
climate change, promoting economic growth and conserving natural resources
and biodiversity. The campaign should ensure that energy is made an integral
part of the MDG review process in 2010 as well as other major inter-governmental
processes - including those on climate change, biodiversity, desertification,
food security, and sustainable development.