The approaches and modalities of RET development evolved during the years of implementation of REDP which needs to be internalised for the benefit of Nepalese society. The exit strategy of the programme should facilitate the transformation of REDP supported best practices and modules into new programmes that can ensure the long term sustainability of the programme components, their expansion and replications by building capacity of the institutions operating at different levels of hierarchy from macro (central), meso (district level) to the micro (village level).
- Continue UNDP participation to meet the target of 4.25 MW from 2010-2012
as agreed with The World Bank: The government of Nepal in TYP has given
top priority to renewable energy development. The development of micro-hydro
has been considered as one of the main component of the alternative energy
development plan of the government. During the TYP, the target is to install
15 MW of micro hydro. Meeting the target of 4.25 MW during 2010-2012 as
agreed with World Bank is critically important for meeting the TYP target.
The target of RERL for the period 2011-2012 is to provide non-subsidy support,
as during REDP III, to get 4.25 MW installed.
- Detailed study and analysis for rural energy institutionalization and
sustainable operation: For the long term sustainability of the program operation
institutionalization of best practices within the existing organization
of permanent structure is necessary. For this, a study of the already created
and functional institutions like the DEES/DEEU at DDC level, RE Service
Centers, AEPC established institutions at the regional levels needs to be
carried out. How these institutions/organizations remain actively functional
when REDP/RERL/ESAP will not remain in existence will be important to investigate
during the period. It will be important to focus on how these institutions/organizations
can be internalized in the GoN/AEPC governmental framework.
- Institutional capacity strengthening of GoN/AEPC for creating an environment
for further expansion and replication of proven modalities of rural energy
development: AEPC as a nodal agency of the governmental institution for
the development of renewable energy technology should have strong and appropriate
institutional framework. Based on AEPC's SOD this program aims to support
AEPC to take full lead on RE sector promotion and implementation. There
is a need to review and tailor the SOD based on the current country context
and federal structure.
- Support AEPC/MOEnv for harmonization of policies and approaches that will
create basis to graduate to sector wide approach in renewable energy sector:
Support to renewable energy development has been the agenda of various bilateral
and multilateral development agencies. Since government of Nepal has not
followed sector wide approach in energy sector, AEPC currently follows a
"Pigeon hole approach", which sometime creates confusion and overlaps between
similar RE projects. Hence, the program aims to support AEPC to build harmonization
approach among donors and RE projects in the short term and into a SWAP
approach in the long term. Therefore, the activities that result in harmonization
of policies and approaches concerned with the development of renewable energy
technology leading to SWAP will be considered for implementation.
- Concentration of activities in main program districts: During the (2011-2012)
RERL should concentrate in main REDP program district and engage in activities
that adds new value to its work. The 26 program districts will focus on
energy generation as well as strong livelihood activities. In other districts,
only technical assistance will continued.
- Institutional restructuring of REDP in line with future program support
framework: The institutional restructuring of REDP should be consistent
with the national plans and policies and AEPC's SOD. While doing restructuring,
institutions that have helped to mobilize communities, strengthened local
bodies, institutionalize decentralized planning, that have become instrumental
to bring power to the people should be protected and internalized within
government and civil society. Mainstreaming of the 'best practices' of REDP
shall be done at all levels (central, district and community levels) for
which specific indicators will be established. The institutional restructuring
should also be consistent with the future administrative structure of Nepal.